Sheding Nature Park ( 社頂自然公園）
Basic info of mountains
It has an area of 128.7 hectares. Origin of name is because the park is located in Sheding. It has about 50 species of butterflies and 329 species of plants. During the strong wind seasons, the wind generally blows from the mountains, and because they are very strong, the trees grow parallel to the ground. After the wind seasons have stopped, the trees start to grow normally. This results in trees with their trunks oddly bent and at different angles.
Corals on hill
Taiwan is an island that was formed due to the continental-continental convergence between the Philippine and Eurasian plate. Corals that used to live in the sea were pushed upwards as the land between them was moving upwards. Thus, corals can be found in the mountains.
Sheding Lime Kiln is one of the few remaining lime kilns in Taiwan. Coral reefs found in the area were the main materials used to produce lime, an important local industry in the old days. A kiln has a door and an air inlet. The lime produced retains the original shape of coral reefs. Only in contact with water does the lime break into powder. Lime was used as a construction material or in the paint. It was also used as an additive in betel nuts.
Crabs on mountains
Can crabs be found on mountains far away from water sources?
- A number of lineages of crabs have evolved to live predominantly on land, also known as terrestrial crabs
- Some species of terrestrial crabs can be found many kilometers from the sea, but have to complete annual migrations to the sea.
- Rift valleys were formed in Sheding due to the faults in Taiwan deepened by erosion.
- Bubbling Spring
- When rainwater seeps into the reefs, it follows the tilt of the strata. Due to geological structures, the water eventually emerges to the surface as springs, thus creating this bubbling spring.
- Minor gorge
- Formosan monkeys can be found in this coral reef gorge which has occasional falling rocks.
- Wind Gate
- The strong northeast monsoon occurring in autumn and winter flutter towards the narrow opening formed by two coral reefs that stand opposite each other
- Grass Land
- The original vegetation which has been damaged by the aboriginals, by long-term herding, human disturbance, and northeast monsoons, have damaged the land to beyond recovery, turning it into a grassland that cannot plant any other vegetation.
- Butterfly Valley
- According to a 1988 survey, the entire area has 106 species of butterflies as the seasonal flowers in that area attract many different types of butterflies.
This area used to be inhabited by aboriginals. However, they relocated to the plains.